What Is Vaginismus? – 5 Common Causes and Treatments

Vaginismus is a condition affecting women that causes muscle spasms of the pelvic floor muscles. No matter the cause, it can be very painful for those who have to deal with it.

There are different types of vaginismus, and people experience them differently. These different types can create different symptoms. That sometimes makes the condition difficult to pin down or diagnose at first.

The pain can become so severe that it can even feel debilitating at times. Unfortunately, it’s not a condition that will go away on its own. Treatment is necessary.

Thankfully, treatment is absolutely possible and can help to alleviate the pain and any symptoms from getting worse.

It’s important to know the potential root causes of this condition so you can have a better idea if you might be dealing with it. Once you know some of these common causes, you can seek out treatment immediately.

1. Past Sexual Trauma

Past sexual abuse or trauma often leads to a variety of mental health issues. Unfortunately, it can also be a cause of vaginismus.

Your body may involuntarily cause the muscles in your pelvis to constrict abnormally, creating an abundance of pain.

It also makes any kind of penetration into the vagina practically impossible.

2. Anxiety or Fear

It doesn’t always need to be a physical issue that causes vaginismus. Emotional issues are common causes, too.

If you struggle with anxiety or fear over things like sexual intercourse, pregnancy, or even relationship issues, it could be a trigger for the condition.

Working through that fear is another necessary treatment step to take if this is the cause of your condition.

3. History of Sexual Shame

People with evangelical backgrounds are at an increased risk of developing vaginismus. A lack of quality sex education can increase the risk of developing this condition.

How to Treat Vaginismus

To get the proper treatment, vaginismus needs to be properly diagnosed. It’s important rule out other problems with your doctor. After going over your medical history and giving a pelvic exam, your doctor should have a good idea of what you’re dealing with.

Pelvic floor therapy is one option that clients can utilize. This includes pelvic floor exercises designed to strengthen your muscles so you have more control over them. The stronger they are, the less likely they are to constrict without warning.

Emotional treatment is a common necessity for people with this condition. This is especially true if it’s an emotional trigger that is causing the problem in the first place. Education about healthy sexual relationships, as well as emotional exercises in relation to trauma can make a big difference in recovering from vaginismus.

This condition can be quite scary for the people who experience it. The important thing to keep in mind is that it is treatable, no matter what might be causing it. If you’re worried you’re suffering from vaginismus, don’t be afraid to get a proper diagnosis. The sooner you do, the sooner you can begin a treatment regimen that helps to free you from pain.


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